In Phase 2 children are introduced to letters (and the corresponding sounds) for the first time. This page provides an overview of the main teaching content as well as a selection of resources which families can use to support their child at home.
Phase 2 Teaching Overview
In Phase 2 children are taught 19 letters grouped into 5 sets. One set will generally be taught in one week.
s / a / t / p
i / n / m / d
g / o / c / k
ck / e / o / r
h / b / l / ll / f / ff / ss
Children are encouraged to begin ‘blending’ sounds into words straight away. Therefore, having been taught only Set 1, children can make (and read) words like at, sat & pat.
Nonsense words, such as ‘tas’ are also acceptable as they allow children to explore sounds freely. Mis-spelt words (which are phonetically correct) are also allowable e.g. pas. In time, children will be shown the correct spelling. Remember, the initial focus is on reading; blending separate sounds into words.
As children learn all the Sets in Phase 2, they will be able to read an increasing number of words. The ‘Reading Word List’, in the resources section opposite, sets out the range of words which can be read once each additional Set has been taught.
You will notice that ‘double consonants’ (ff / ss / ll) are taught early. This illustrates to children that sometimes more than one letter can represent a single sound. In the case of these letters it is the same sound as the single letter represents. In Phase 3 children are taught that this is not always the case.
Whoosh!Slide around the snake, out.
Round the apple, down the leaf, out.
Down the tower, across the tower, out.
Down the plait, up and over the pirates face, out.
Down the insects body, dot for the head, out.
Down Nobby and over the net, out.
Maisie, mountain, mountain, out.
dinosaur’s back, up his neck and down to his feet, out.
Round the girl’s face, down her hair and give her a curl, out.
All around the orange, out.
Curl around the caterpillar, out.
Down the kangaroo’s body, tail and leg, out.
Rock at the dock, out.
Slice into the egg, go over the top, then under the egg, out.
Down and under the umbrella, up to the top and down to the puddle, out.
Down the robot’s back, then up and curl, out.
Down the horse’s head to the hooves and over his back, out.
Down the boot laces, over the toe and touch the heel, out.
Down the flower stem and draw the leaves, out.
Biff and Kipper set off to the cliff, out.
Down the log leg, out.
Call for the ball, out.
The boss is cross, out.
Phase 2 Resources
The following resources will help you support your child as they progress through Phase 2.
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